Monday, September 15, 2008

Places of Worship














Read Chapter 19. Choose a place of worship from the Common Era or after. You may use the book as a source or you may explore somewhere else not listed in the book if you are feeling curious. Do some research on a search engine and write a paragraph about that place. Feel free to use descriptive language. You may include links to images if you would like. You may write about the meaning of architecture, art, or symbols from these sites.

71 comments:

Melissa said...

Ms Hoffman,
My post did show up. All it says is Melissa and underneath is text. Click on Melissa and my report will come up. I will figure out how to do this!!
Thanks Melissa Musick

KelceyB said...

Kelcey Bolduc

After the resurection of Christ, it was dangerous to be known as a Christian. When two strangers met and thought maybe the other person was a believer, he would draw on the ground, the upper half of the fish symbol. If the person next to them was a believer they finished the symbol, drawing the other half. It was a common mark of a meeting place. The secret symbol let people know (who knew the symbol) that seeing it on a wall or door, was the place for the secret gathering.

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Using the fish was very symbolic. Christ used it in many of his teachings and it was also a staple food.Apostles were also known as "fishers of men."

It is also important that the fish are going the right way. Going to the left is sometimes considered as a fish astray perhaps a sign of Satan. There are "Fish Wars" meaning atheists and such are taking the fish and turning them into evolving fish and writing "Darwin" in them.

"Ichthys" is a common word used for the fish. It is greek for fish and is now better representing the "Jesus Fish"


http://z.about.com/d/graphicssoft/1/5/h/s/4/ChristianShapes-Fish.gif

Pookie said...

The Liverpool Cathedral is an Angelican church located in England.The church is made mostly of sandstone and covers an area of over 103sq feet. The Cathedral has a total of 13 bells, the largest bell named "Great George" weighs 14.5 tons and is the second largest bell in the world. The cathedral is also home to the worlds largest pipe organ which has 9,765 pipes.

Starr said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Starr said...

I researched the history and symbolism of the Christian Fish, however when I was researching I came upon something interesting
that I had never heard of. One article from a religious informative website explained that the fish symbol was not originated from the christian religion but was taken over from the Pagan religion. Apparently in this religion the fish symbol represented the Great
Mother Goddess. The drawling of the fish was by overlapping two
crescent moons; one would represent the crescent shortly beofore the new moon and the other shortly after; when the moon would just become visible. In this religion the moon represented the heavenly body associated with the Goddess. It wasn't till later that the christian authorities of the Roman Empire revised the myths and
made the symbol into their own.

OneShot08 said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
OneShot08 said...

I Researched Sri Harmandir Sahib Better Known as The Golden Temple In Amritsar, India. The Golden Dome (said to be glided with 100 kg of pure gold) is supposed to represent an inverted lotus flower, pointing back to earth to symbolize the Sikh´s concern with the problems of this world. It Was Completed In 1609 by Guru Hargobind. This Is A Very Beautiful Temple But It Has Been Destroyed So May Times By The Muslim Armies.But The Sikh Army Kept Rebuilding Until The Got Large Enough To Scare The Muslims.

Raullin Oby

Tiffany Mercado said...

The Byzantine Institute of America began testing a wall in 1933 where they believed that DEESIS MOSAIC may still dwell under layers of plaster. The panel is 19.5 ft wide and 13.5 ft tall. It took about four years to uncover and restore the mosaic. This breakthrough of the mosaic caused an up roar in the art world. Byzantine artists did not normally sign their art so there is not a definitive date of which it was created. Also there are no remaining Byzantine writings that reference the work. The mosaic either dated from 1185 - 1204 or just after 1261. A tremendous amount of colors were used along with tessellae (cubed tile) laid at an angle to reflect the sunlight from the window allowing the tile to shine from within. For the size of the panel it was thought to require weeks of work for a team of skilled craftsman to complete.

Christ,from Deesis mosaic, 13th century.

http://www.pallasweb.com/deesis/history.html

Alexis_Carpenter said...

St. Patrick's Cathedral

The St. Patrick's Cathedral is a decorated Neo-Gothic style Catholic cathedral in North America. It is the seat of the archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, and a parish church, located on the east side of Fifth Avenue between 50th and 51st Streets in midtown Manhattan. It faces Rockefeller Center. On October 6, 1850, Archbishop John Joseph Hughes announced his intention to erect a new cathedral to replace the Old St. Patrick's Cathedral in downtown Manhattan. The "Old Cathedral" had been destroyed by a fire in 1866 but was rebuilt and rededicated by 1868. The new cathedral was designed by James Renwick, Jr. in the Gothic Revival style. The cornerstone was laid on August 15, 1858. Work was begun in 1858 but was halted during the Civil War and resumed in 1865. The cathedral was completed in 1878 and dedicated on May 25, 1879. It is the largest decorated gothic-style Catholic cathedral in the United States and has been recognized throughout it's history as a center of Catholic life in our country. The Cathedral is made from a white and stone marble exterior, bronze doors, bronze canopy ceiling, and a cruciform shape interior with 12 side chapels and exquisite stained glass windows. The St. Michael and St. Louis altars were designed by Tiffany & Co. and Paolo Medici designed the St. Elizabeth altar to honor Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton, the first American-born saint. The cathedral was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.
http://farm1.static.flickr.com/186/464127609_5bdcef6d1b.jpg

Anonymous said...

A place of worship that intrigued me is the Shah Mosque in Isfahan, Iran. It was made in 1611-66. It has a rather exquisite entryway. The sunburst motif at the top of the pointed arch mutiplies into an infinity, never ending. The Persian artists made the blue gazed tile mosaic as shown in the links included below. The glazed tile used to decorate buildings dates back to ancient times of Mesopotamia. There's a plethora of inscription and calligraphy around its frame. Its unique style is almost like a carpet over a building because the other patterns represent a garden with flowering plants.

definitions: 1) mosque- Muslim House of prayer 2) motif- basic theme of subject 3) mosiac- technique of creating design or image by arrangement of colored ceramic, stone, glass, and fixing them into a bed of cement of plaster 4) calligraphy- handwriting

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:A5375_70.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Shah_mosque2.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shah_Mosque

Joshua Jinkerson said...

The Sistine Chapel was built between 1475 and 1483 by Pope Sixtus IV. The chapel is built with the same dimensions as the Temple of Solomon in the Bible, 40 wide and 130 feet long. The chapel is the site of the papal conclave, the process for which the next Pope is selected, and is also the home to the Pope. Pope Julius II was the Pope that hired Michelangelo to paint the chapel between 1508 and 1512.

jeremy hubsmith said...

Liverpool Cathedral in the 19th the rector said it was "ugly and hideous." After much debates, an open competition was held in 1902 to design a new cathedral. Many world renowned architects but 22-year-old student Giles Gilbert Scott (who had never built anything) who won the competition. Because of war the building was delay and in 1942 the architect placed the final stone on the top of the tower, just over 331 feet above the Cathedral floor. Giles did not get to see the finishing of the cathedral because he died in the 1960's. Liverpool cathedral is one of the greatest buildings of the 20th century with its high gothic arches, almighty tower and giant organ.

alliekw said...

Allison Wasylkiw

The Ukrainian Catholic Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was built in 1966. I chose this structure as the subject of my report because it is very inportant to me and my family. This was the church my Grandfather Basil had gone to since he immigrated to America. Unfortunately, on August 23, 2008I attended my grandfathers funeral at this very cathedral. This was just a month ago and therefore still fresh in my heart. To get back to the assignment, This Ukrainian Cathedral was conrtucted in the Bysantine style and is meant to resemble Hagia Sophia from Constantinople. The interior of the cathedral is very ornate and beautiful and this place of worship serves all of the Ukranian Orthadox Catholic's of the area.

crystal said...

Nataraja(The Lord (or King) of Dance), Tamil:[Kooththan] is the dancing posture of the Hindu god Shiva, who performs his divine dance as a part of his activities of creation and destruction. Nataraja is most often depicted through a statue. The sculpture is usually made in bronze, with Shiva dancing in a aureole of flames, lifting his left leg (and in rare cases, the right leg) and balancing over a demon or dwarf (Apasmara) who symbolizes ignorance. It is a well known scultptural symbol in India and popularly used as a symbol of Indian culture[1]. The form is present in most Shiva temples in South India, and is the main deity in the famous temple at Chidambaram......htt://e.wikipedia.org/wkiki/nataraja

alblizz said...

Santa Costanza

The Santa Costanza was built in Rome in 354 CE for Constantine the Great’s daughter Constantia. Constantia had requested for her father to build her a funery hall when she died in 354 CE, however, she died before the structure was completed and was instead buried in the baptistery that she and her father’s sister Helena were baptized in years before. Later on, between 360-370 CE, another Santa Costanza was created for Helena, the Emperors sister. Because Helena had such a considerable status during her life it was expected that she would receive a burial place of great extravagance. The structure’s columns were reused from Roman structures, and its mosaics reflect both pagan and Christian imagery. The first Pope to hold mass in the mausoleum was Pope Nicholas I in 865 CE, however, the building was not consecrated as a church until the 13th century. Later in the year 1256, Pope Alessandro IV took what he believed was Constantia’s remains and placed them beneath a central alter within the church, then naming the building in her honor on March 12, 1256.

-Alix Blizzard

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza.htm

Sara20 said...

Sara Lampp - Florence Cathedral

The designer was Arnolfo di Cambio and it is located in Florence, Italy. The Cathedral is dated between 1296 to 1462. It is a domed church. The dome's diameter is 130 feet or 39.5 meters.

The dome was completed in in 1418 under a modified plan by Francesco Talenti.

http://www.archiplanet.org/wiki/Florence_Cathedral

http://www.toscanaviva.com/Firenze/florence_cathedral.htm

lkm1991 said...

The Sistine Chapel

The Sistine Chapel was originally built for Pope Sixtus IV between 1475 and 1483 by Giovannino de’ Dolci who also employed the genius of Botticello, Gherlandaio, Pinturicchio and Luca Signorelli. Initially the ceiling depicted old golden stars against a blue background. The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was painted by Michelangelo at the request of Pope Julius II during the period from 1508 to 1512. The entire project was the design and work of Michelangelo who primarily identified himself as a sculptor. He chose to use the buon fresco painting method of which very few artists during this period were skilled. Basically this is the art of painting with plaster. The work was delayed because of his own lack of expertise and setbacks caused by mold and damp weather which affected the curing time of the plaster. Occasional he used a talented assistant for small insignificant figures but the work was totally by his design and almost solely his handwork. The breath of the ceiling is about 40 meters long by 13 meters wide, resulting in about 5,000 square feet of frescoes. Most significant are the center panels depicting scenes from the Book of Genesis in nine stories, three Creation stories of the sun, moon and planets, a dominant picture of God, the Creator the of the s next three ceiling frescoes depicts Original Sin and the banishment from the Garden of Eden. The last three ceiling frescoes depict the drunkenness of Noah, the Flood and God’s plan to destroy the world and repopulate it with the rebirth of Noah as his servant. and the Fall of Man. On the sides a depiction of the prophets and sibyls are arrayed, who foretold Christ’s coming. This symbolic story is the basis of the Christian faith. The talent of Michelangelo is evident in the extreme energy of his immense figures. Besides plaster painting he also used a procedure called pozzolana, in which lime materials were mixed with water and volcanic ash. The reaction of the carbon dioxide in the air would trap bits of pigment in the limestone created yielding more intense color at the surface.

“The Sistine Ceiling.” Vatican Museums. 20 Sept.2008.
http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/CSN/CSN_Volta.html

“Michelangelo The Sistine Chapel Ceiling.”About.com. Art History. 21 Sep. 2008.
http://arthistory.about.com/od/famous_paintings/a/sischap_ceiling.htm.

David Amador said...

Santa Constanza

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza-pictures/aerial-view-cc-santagnese-org.jpg

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza-pictures/ext-cc-santagnese.jpg

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza-pictures/f10%20147.jpg

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza-pictures/eosa_075.jpg

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza-pictures/eosa_085.jpg

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/italy/rome-santa-costanza-pictures/eosa_076.jpg

Santa Costanza is an imperial mausoleum in Rome that was later dedicated as a church (in Italian it is known both as Mausoleo di Santa Costanza and Chiesa di Santa Costanza). This Incredible structure dates from the 4th century AD and features some of the earliest surviving Christian art. This church is named after Constantine the Great daughter Constantia, who died in 354 AD. Records indicate that Constantia requerestd a funerary hall to be built in the imperial state.

KatieRoss said...

The hindu religion has myriad gods. One of their gods was called Shiva Nataraja or simply the Dancing Shiva. The dance of this god represented the consistant cycle of the universe. He did so on a drawf who symbolized becoming. The left hand held fire, which conveyed the destruction of the physical universe and of the ego. The right hand beat a drum to the rhythm of birth and death.

Melissa said...

The Cathedral of Our Lady of Chartres is located in Chartres, 80 km from Paris. It is the best example of Gothic architecture in all of France. It was restored by Abbot Suger from 1145-1220.
The design of the cathedral consists of 2 towers annd 3 large rose windows(stained glass). There is 1 349ft plain pyramid dating from the 1140s and a 377 ft tall early 1th century tower on top of an older tower.
In the middle ages the cathedral functioned sometimes as a marketplace.
The 3 large rose windows are themed. The one on the west front- The Last Judgement-the north-Glorification of the Virgin-south side- The Glorification of Christ.
There were 186 stained glass windows but only 152 survived.
It is thought that one of the 9 Templar Knights brought the Ark of the Covenant here for safekeeping in the crypt of the cathedral. One of the carvings is thought to represent the Ark being transported on a cart.

Joseph Mercado said...

The Dome of the Rock was built by the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik from 688 to 691 AD. It is not a mosque, but was built as a shrine for pilgrims. Believed to be built upon the sacred ground of the old "Solomon Temple" of biblical times, the building is believed to be erected by the Muslims to compete with the majesic churches of Christianity, and to be a statement to both Jews and Christians about the new religion of Islam and it's superiority. "...Building spoke to Jews by its location, to Christians by its interior decoration." (Oxford Archaeological Guide to the Holy Land).

It is believed to be built upon the spot the Prophet Muhammad ascended to Heaven. The golden dome that sits a top the Dome of the Rock was originally made of gold, but it was replaced with copper and then aluminum. The late King Hussein of Jordan, donated a gold leaf, which now covers the aluminum.

Verses from the Qur'an are inscribed on the octoganal part of the Dome. "The mosaics of the interior feature both realistic and stylized representations of vegetation and related themes (Muslim law forbids the representation of living beings in art)." (http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock.htm)

One of the most interesting parts of the Dome, is on the inner side of the octagonal arcade. There is an inscription exhorting Christians to depart from their fundamental belief of the Trinity. A portion of it reads as follows: "O People of the Book! Do not exaggerate in your religion nor utter aught concerning God save the truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a Messenger of God, and His Word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him. So believe in God and His messengers, and say not 'Three' - Cease! (it is) better for you! - God is only One God. Far be it removed from His transcendent majesty that He should have a son. ... Whoso disbelieveth the revelations of God (will find that) lo! God is swift at reckoning!"

To this day, the site of the Dome of the Rock is still a source of disagreement and religious sensitivity. The ground that the Dome of the Rock sits on is sacred to Muslims, Jews, and Christians.

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock.htm

theSnark said...

Glascow Cathedral, in Scotland, was consecrated in 1136 in the presence of King David I. It is said to be built near a site on which St Mungo, patorn saint of Glasgow, built his first church in the 6th century. The tomb of St Mungo is located within the present building as whell as fragments of and old 13th century shrine to the Saint. The original cathedral was destroyed by fire, and the present building was started in 1197 by Bishop Jocelyn. It was mostly completed by the end of the 13th century, with Robert Blacader, the first Bishop of Glasgow, adding to it in the 15th century.
Glascow Cathedral is unique in that it was the only cathedral on the Scottish mainland to escape the destruction of the Reformation because it was capable of being shared by the different congregations.
The Glascow Cathedral is 285 ft long with an open timber roof that dates arond the 14th century. The magnificent stained glass windows illustrates the creation as well as the badges of the 12 Scottish regiments that fought in the 2nd World War. Descending a flight of stairs takes you to a Lower Church, the early 12th century stonework still visible along with St Mungo's tomb and the old shrine. The prominent square steeple was erected in the 15th century.

( http://www.rampantscotland.com/visit/blvisitglwcath.htm )
( http://www.rampantscotland.com/glasgow/glw_cathedral.htm )

Cody Larson said...

The Islamic Center of America is a Mosque in Dearborn Michigan. This Mosque is extremely large. So large, in fact, that according to Wikipedia it calls itself the largest mosque in Northern America. From miles away one can see the large mezzin's. These mezzins' give a sense of respect and greatness to the building. i chose this specific place of worship because I lived very near it.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f8/Islamic_Center.jpg

Cody Larson

bryant91 said...

The Ivory Coast Cathedral is the largest Christian Church in the world. It was constructed between 1985 and 1989 with the cost of U S 300 million. The church is located in Yamoussoukro in Africa. The arquitect Pierre Fakhoury purposely started the project after the Basilica of Saint Peter in Rome, so he would design the largest church in the world.its dimensions are 158 meters height and 7000 square meters. It is able to seat 7000 people and 11,000 people in the standing room. Next to the temple, there are two identical building for papal visits and as a rectoral.

Rudyruth1 said...

I am going to do mine on something close to Tampa that I have driven by and want to research more about! It is a beautiful building and I wanted to learn more about it! Mine is on The Temple in Orlando, Florida. This is one of the most beautiful building that I have ever seen. It is all white with a angel Moroni on the top of the steeple. This building is a Temple for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. It is absolutely beautiful. I have attached a picture that I found on the Internet.( http://www.ldschurchtemples.com/orlando/ ) This building was opened in 1994 and is made of white precast concrete with Marble chips. It's design is classic Modern, with Single Spire Design. There are more LDS temples all over the world! They are all beautiful but I like this one because it is close to Tampa and it is so beautiful!

My resource was http://www.ldschurchtemples.com/orlando/

Nicholas said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Nicholas said...

Chartres Cathedral is located in Chartres, France. The story behind it is, Chartres Cathedral housed a tunic of the Virgin Mary. When the original burned down it is said that after the remains cooled priests came out of the crypts with the tunic saved, the townspeople believed it to be a miracle. This caused them to desire a new cathedral with never before seen attributes. The Chartres Cathedral is the first known building to use flying buttresses and the type of arches used in the building. There were some controversies over this church. The original designer died when some of the stone walls collapsed. He knew that the stone was not of good quality but the overseeing bishop of the cathedral owned a quarry and wanted the stone to be brought from his land, greed. It is and astounding 10,875 meters square, and at 37 meters high was the tallest in its time.

VeronicaL said...

The place of worship I chose was the Theravadin Vihara which is a Buddhist place of worship. The central Buddhist teachings are called the eightfold path which is basically meditation that leads one to enlightenment. Monks would usually meditate out in the forest later the vihara was designed for worship. The vihara is a plain meditation hall with one Buddha statue as the central focal point. Other people are welcomed to worship with the monks but only at a certain time.

http://pow.reonline.org.uk/images/pic_buddhism_theravada.jpg

Dani said...

Danielle Mallozzi


The Florence Catherdral was bulit by Amolfo de Cambio in 1296. It took 170 years to build this catherdral. After Amolfo died the contruction slowed down for the next 30 years and many people took over the project. The base of the church was finally complete by the 15th century, but there was still the dome and cupola that needed to be constructed. A competition was held to see who could design a better dome and cupola. Lorenzo Ghiberti and Fillippo Brunelleschi were the 2 main competitors. Brunelleschi won the competition and got a commission. By 1469, the Cathedral was complete.

Bobby Allen said...

The Chartes Cathedral was built in 1145 in the medieval town of Chartres which is 50 miles outside of Paris. The windows and sculpture of the building has stood since the beginning and allows people to see the medieval design that was trying to be portrayed by the designers. at this day it is the only Cathedral that holds the same image of when it was bulit. the Cathedral has housed a tunic of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Sancta Camisia. The West Tower of the Cathedral caught fire along with the rest of the town but was one of the only things in town to not be effected. The exterior of the building shows that there are twon conflicting towers which stand at about 349 feet. The Cathedral is surrounded by flying buttresses to protect the windows and glass from harm. Each window has a depiction from the time of Jesus's life. West Rose and three lancet windows represents the Last Judgement, The North Rose and five lancet windows represents the glorification of the Virgin, and The South Rose and five lancet windows represnts the Glorification of Christ.



http://www.sacred-destinations.com/france/chartres-cathedral.htm

http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevecadman/753674780/

Sammy said...

Being a native New Yorker I figured I would choose something I've actually been to and seen in real life. Therfore I chose to reasearch St.Patricks Cathedral.St. Patrick's Cathedral is a decorated Neo-Gothic-style Catholic cathedral in New York City. It is the seat of the archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, as well as a church. It's located on the east side of Fifth Avenue between 50th and 51st Street. It faces Rockerfeller Center. The land that the cathedral currently sits on was purchased for $11,000 on March 6, 1810.It's orignial purpose was to be a school for young Catholic men, however the school failed and the land was sold again. St. Patrick's Cathedral was built to replace the orignal cathedral that was in downtown manhattan that was destroyed by a fire in 1866. The cathedral itself is made of white marble and can house 2,200 people. The spires rise 330 feet from street level.The windows were made by artists in Chartres, Birmingham and Boston.The St. Michael and St. Louis altar was designed by Tiffany & Co.

Sarah said...

The Chartres Cathedral, located in Chartres, France, was once known as the focal point for the economy. Back in the Middle Ages it was once used as a market place.
More importantly though, the cathedral is famous for its beautiful architecture that sustained its original design through out many years. The Chartres is only one of a handful of French Gothic design since most where destroyed as time wore on. The cathedral did however suffer a bit of a loss in a fire in 1134 and the rebuilding the cathedral was started immediatly with the help of donations all over France.By 1220 the main structure was complete. It was also a miracle that the Cathedral was never damaged or destroyed during the French Revolution.
Through history it is said that the Cathedral once sheltered the tunic of Virgin Mary; that it was a gift from Charlemagne during a trip to Jerusalem.
With its gorgous exterior and famous Rose Window, the Chartres Cathedral is one of the most memorable and famous Cathedrals in France.

Sarah said...

The Chartres Cathedral, located in Chartres, France, was once known as the focal point for the economy. Back in the Middle Ages it was once used as a market place.
More importantly though, the cathedral is famous for its beautiful architecture that sustained its original design through out many years. The Chartres is only one of a handful of French Gothic design since most where destroyed as time wore on. The cathedral did however suffer a bit of a loss in a fire in 1134 and the rebuilding the cathedral was started immediatly with the help of donations all over France.By 1220 the main structure was complete. It was also a miracle that the Cathedral was never damaged or destroyed during the French Revolution.
Through history it is said that the Cathedral once sheltered the tunic of Virgin Mary; that it was a gift from Charlemagne during a trip to Jerusalem.
With its gorgous exterior and famous Rose Window, the Chartres Cathedral is one of the most memorable and famous Cathedrals in France.

Anjelica said...

Great Mosque of Samarra

The most important architectual form of art to come about for the Islamic culture was the Mosque. The mosque at Samarra was at one point the largest architectual art in the Islamic world.The single tower modeled uipon the Ziggurats of ancient mesopotamia. It contained 17 aisles and the walls were panelled with mosaics of dark blue glass. The tower stood in front of the entrance on the Qibla Wall. The tower overlooked an open court.


http://www.sacred-texts.com/etc/tl/img/babel.jpg

http://rubens.anu.edu.au/raider6/iraq_heritage/photos/samarra0.jpg


http://rubens.anu.edu.au/raider6/iraq_heritage/photos/samarra1.jpg

Zak said...

Vatican City

Vatican City is a landlocked sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome. With only a population of 800 and only covering about 100 acres, it is the smallest independent state in the world. Vatican City has clearly been the central authority of the Roman Catholic Church, since it came into existence in 1929. The politics of Vatican City are very unique, the Pope is the sovereign of the state( head of the state) and has a body of cardinals that work underneath him. The Pope has full executive , legislative and judicial power over Vatican City. He is currently the only absolute monarch in Europe. I chose to do my research on the Vatican City, because I am Roman Catholic and one day hope to visit this wonderful city of faith.

jordan c said...

the christian fish was and still is a symbol to show everybody that you are a christian! when times were hard to be a christian, christians would come up to a "stranger" and draw the first loop of the fish in the sand. and if the "stranger" was a christian as well he would draw the other half. they used the two loops because It could be drawn quickly, and erased just as quickly if there was no sign of recognition on the part of the stranger.

http://www.prestonchurch4you.org/Portals/0/ichthus_sand%20300.jpg

Jack said...

Jerusalem

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and its largest city. It has a population of 732,100 residents. Jerusalem is located in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean sea and the northern tip of the dead sea. Jerusalem has been the holiest city in Judaism and the spiritual center of the Jewish people since the 10th century B.C. It also contains a number of Christian sites, and is considered the third holiest city in Islam. Jerusalem has a history that dates as far back as the 4th millennium BCE, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. On December 5th 1949 Israel’s first prime minister David Ben-Gurion proclaimed Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and since then all of the Israeli government, legislative, judicial, and executive have resided there.

RBarnes said...

I did my research on The Sistine Chapel was built between the time of 1475 and 1483 by a pope named Pope Sixtus IV. The chapel is built with the same dimensions and size as the Temple of Solomon was in the Bible it's 40 feet wide and is 130 feet long. The chapel is the site of the Papal Conclave, the process in which how the next pope is decided. Pope Julius II was the pope that hired the very famous artist Michelangelo to paint the chapel between the years 1508 and 1512.

carbon said...

-------the lotus of bahapur-------

the lotus is located in new deli india it was desighned by architect
fariborz sahba completed and dedicated to the public as a place of worship in 1986 its desighn was influienced by the lotus flower it is visited daily by thousands of people. the lotus tempel has no religous foundation its simply a place for people to come and be at peace with themselves and the world.


http://india.as/tourism/images/BahaiLotusTemple.jpg

http://www.sahbaarchitect.com/flash.html

paul.davis said...

The Liverpool Cathedral is located in England. Its official name is the Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool but it is dedicated to Christ and the Blessed Virgin. This building was built in 1902. The Liverpool Cathedral occupies a total area of 103,334 square feet and was built mainly of sandstone quarried from the Liverpool suburb of Woolton.

paul.davis said...

The Liverpool Cathedral is located in England. Its official name is the Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool but it is dedicated to Christ and the Blessed Virgin. This building was built in 1902. The Liverpool Cathedral occupies a total area of 103,334 square feet and was built mainly of sandstone quarried from the Liverpool suburb of Woolton.

Kass said...

http://www.igougo.com/journal-j71196-Santorini-Ancient_Thira_and_Other_Historic_Sites.html#1350214

Panagia Episkopi is an important Byzantine monument and a prime example of Byzantine arcitecture.It was built in the village of Mesa Gonia in the late 11th century by Emporer Alexios A' Kominos. The church was dedicated to the Virgin mary and houses the icon of Panagia Glikofilousa, alikeness of the virgin and baby Jesus. The Glikofilousa itself is considered to be the third most priceless portable item in the world. It is believed that this icon is what has kept the church protected from the variose atrocities that it has faced through the centuries. The church ,though small, Stood strong through countless invasions by a variety of countries, a catastrofic earthquake and even a fire in 1915 which destroyed most of the treasures in the church. It is also said that though almost everything was burned not a single idol was lost in the fire and to this day the Panagia Glikofilousa shows almost no signs of damage.

amy:] said...

The Mosque at Cordoba, located in Spain, has 36 piers and is supported by 514 columns. Because of the simularities it is thought that Samarra, once one of the largest mosques in the Islamic world, might have looked close to Cordoba in its earlier days. Between the years of 786 and 987 the Mosque at Cordoba was changed and enlarged seven times. You can see the muslim designs in its archetecture through the symmetry of its horseshoe shaped arches and the repetition of its patterns. Another characteristic of its muslim culture is the mixture of calligraphy and organic patterns of leaf and flower forms called arabesques.

http://i246.photobucket.com/albums/gg88/englishpost_2008/Cordoba-Mosque-s.jpg
http://www.essential-architecture.com/STYLE/sty-moorish-Mosque_of_Cordoba_Spain.jpg

Brit said...

The Colonge Cathedral, otherwise known as the Kölner Dom, was built on the remains of the first Christian of Köln. The construction of the church standing there today started in the 13th century, and was finished more than 600 years later. Being the largest church in Köln, and between 1880 and 1890, the largest building in the world, the Kölner Dom houses the remains of the three Magi that visited Christ in the manger and presented him with gold, frankensence, and myrrh.

The Kölner Dom is a prime example of Gothic and Neo-Gothic architecture. On the exerior of the building, the most common feature are the huge spires, visible even from a long distance away.

http://www.travelgermanyinenglish.com/images/cologne/CologneCath0033.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Cologne_Cathedral.jpg

Afield said...

Aaren Field

Chartres Cathedral was one of the most important landmarks in the town of Chartres. In the middle ages, it funtioned as a cathedral, marketplace, school, and other such services. During the French Revolution, a mob began destroying the building, and the townspeople stopped the damage by convincing the mob the rubble would block the streets for years to come. Instead, the army removed and melted the brass plaque in the center.
The cathedral of Chartres especially interests me because I have been there twice. Although its architecture was not as impressive as Notre Dame, its stain glass rose windows were the most beautiful I've seen.

Tiffany said...

Tiffany Thompson>Hagia Sophia
One of the greatest surviving examples of Byzantine architecture is the Hagia Sophia atop the hill of Constantinople. Between 532 and 537 Emperor Justinian supervised the building of this beautiful and intricate place of worship. The architects and masterminds behind this cathedral were the professors of geometry Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. Clearly their work is significant and thoughtful. The grand dome of the church of Hagia Sophia, or the church of Holy Wisdom, is an impressive feat for its time. It is believed that this dome was created to symbolize the infinity of the cosmos signified by the Holy Soul to which the church was dedicated. The Church contained a large collection of holy relics and a 50 foot silver iconostasis. Unfortunately over the years iconoclast destroyed much of the Byzantine art and earthquakes damaged the structure of the church. Yet the Hagia Sophia still stands today as a museum and for nearly a thousand years it was the largest cathedral in the world.

Afield said...

Aaren Field

Chartres Cathedral was one of the most important landmarks in the town of Chartres. In the middle ages, it funtioned as a cathedral, marketplace, school, and other such services. During the French Revolution, a mob began destroying the building, and the townspeople stopped the damage by convincing the mob the rubble would block the streets for years to come. Instead, the army removed and melted the brass plaque in the center.
The cathedral of Chartres especially interests me because I have been there twice. Although its architecture was not as impressive as Notre Dame, its stain glass rose windows were the most beautiful I've seen.

Ronald O. Horne said...

One of the most famous places of worship was the Sistine Chapel. It is 134 feet long and 44 feet wide. It has many famous religious pieces of art threw the entire building. Frescos are painted all around by some of the most well known artists of the 15th century. Such as Petro Perugino, Sandro Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Cosimo Rosselli and Luca Signorelli. Most of the art in the Sisten chapel is art to explain things from the bible such as the 10 commandments. The Sisten chapel was one of the best created pieces of architecture and holds some of the greatest artwork known to humanity. Most of the artwork is famous outside of just being associated with the chapel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel

Diego said...

Well since I dont have the book for the class; I just googled "Place of Worship" and after 50 sites of just telling me the definition of a place of worship I decided to click "Images". EUREKA!! I found this place, "Shwedagon Pagoda" a Pagoda is a A multistoried building with the corners of the roof curved up that were used as a temple. This one located in Burma its the most sacred temple for buddhist and is supposedly 2500 years old. Althought officials say it is more likely built in the 6th century. Besides being a place of worship the Shwedagon has been a stage to protest, political areana, and even war and invasion.
To read more about it you can check

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shwedagon_Pagoda

bdraper said...

The Choir of Cologne Cathedral in Germany. The building began in 1248 and was not completed until 1880. This is a gothic design. It was built on the site of a stone chapel from the 6th century. The building is said to be dedicated to the three kings that visited Jesus. In 1824 the rising of the towers were revealed. Cologne Cathedral remained intact after 14 bombings of WWII. This is still an active church.

deyvionnn!!! said...

Deyvion Norris

Храм Спаса на Крови, or better known in America as Church of Our Saviour on Spilled Blood, is a marvelous building of worship located in St. Petersburg, Russia. It was built between 1893 and 1907. Initially it was built in memory of Alexander II when he was assasinated on the very same construction spot where this builing was being erected. Alexander III saw to it that the church was built in honr to his father, though a large amount of East Orthodox Christians felt that the building was erected in the name of God. The church was closed by the Soviet Union in circa 1930. It opened again in 1997, but still stands today unconcecrated. Therefore it doesnt function as a full time place of worship, rather, it funtions as a must see tourist destination. Mosaic tile encompasses the entire building, and is reminiscent of art exhibited in the Byzantine Empire. There is a mural near the top showing Jesus Christ comming out of a tomb revived. The onion shaped domes are a general motif of most churches in Russia. (mostly in European Russia though) This place of worship is a breathtaking marvel from two standpoints: Its structural beauty, and its rich history.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/40385587@N00/2358799181/

Hoeksey said...

THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA

The Mosque was built on a Visigothic site, which some people believe was a site of an earlier Roman temple, the Great Mosque of Cordoba was begun between 784 and 786 during the reign of 'Abd al-Rahman I.

In 1236 Ferdinand III, king of Castile, conquered Cordoba and consecrated the Great Mosque as the city's cathedral. The Christian population of Cordoba used the former mosque with relatively minor changes for the next three hundred years. In the early 16th century the Bishop and Canons of the cathedral proposed the construction of a new cathedral, and proposed to demolish the mosque in order to build it. The opposition of the townspeople to the proposed destruction of the building led to the unprecedented decision, endorsed by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, to insert an entire Gothic "chapel" into the very heart of the former Great Mosque. This resulted in an uneasy and controversial juxtaposition: the soaring forms of a Gothic cathedral rise from the very centre of the comparatively low, sprawling prayer hall whose architectural vocabulary is rooted in the forms of classical antiquity.

Information from: http://archnet.org/library/sites/one-site.jsp?site_id=31

David Hoeksema

octnober said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
octnober said...

I decided to choose the Blue Mosque located in Instanbul, Turkey. The Mosque was built between the years of 1609-1616 during the Ottoman Empire. The Mosque was one of the first monuments that was not paid for by booty won from wars. It was paid for through the treasury of Turkey for they had not won any considerable amount of booty due to wars. The Blue Mosque is also known as Sultan Ahmed Mosque, after the ruler of the time. On the outside, the Mosque is made up of the typical materials of the time; stone and marble. What makes the Mosque so incredible is the structure, comprised of multiple domes, the six minarets and the interior which is comprised of over 20,000 handmade ceramic tiles.

The Blue Mosque was built as a place to placate Allah. After a brutal loss to Persia. It was to be the first of mosques built during the empire. Because the plans for this mosque were so massive, multiple surrounding buildings had to be purchased, at a high price, so that the buildings could be demolished and the Mosque built upon them. In the center of the Masque is a courtyard used for prayer. The courtyard alone is the same dimensions as the Masque.

The Blue Masque is still used as a prayhall and is used by the Turks and travelers from all over. The pray rings out five times a day. When the minarets were first built, a man used to climb up it to signal for the time of prayer, now it is done through a P.A. that can be heard through the entire old town.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan_Ahmed_Mosque_(Istanbul)#History

TRACEY DAVIS said...

A PLACE OF WORSHIP INTRIGUING TO ME WAS THE CHARTRES CATHEDRAL WHICH IS LOCATED IN CHARTRES OR JUST OUTSIDE OF PARIS, FRANCE. THE CATHEDRAL WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT BUILDING IN THE TOWN. IT WAS THE CENTER OF THE ECONOMY, SOMETIMES FUNCTIONING AS A MARKETPLACE. IT COULD BE SEEN OVER THE TOWN DUE TO THE TALL SPIRES ON TOP OF THE BUILDING,THEY WERE 349 AND 377 FT. TALL. THE CATHEDRAL WAS THE FIRST TO INTRODUCE GOTHIC ART WITH ITS FORM OF THE BUILDING AND ESPECIALLY THE LARGE ROSE WINDOWS. THE WINDOWS WERE CREATED TO ALLOW MORE LIGHT INTO THE CATHEDRAL AS IT WAS THE RELIGIOUS BELIEF THAT THE LIGHT WAS THE MANIFESTATION OF DIVINE SPIRIT AND THAT IT WAS AS IF THE CATHEDRAL WAS FLOODED WITH LIGHT OF HEAVEN. ALSO, IT IS SAID THAT THE CATHEDRAL HOUSES A TUNIC BELONGING TO THE VIRGIN MARY. THE EXTERIOR HAD STATUES PLACED SYMBOLICALLY TO DEPICT ROYALTY BASED ON FIGURES FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT. THIS WAS BECAUSE KINGS AND QUEENS FELT THEY WERE PUT IN THEIR PLACE BY GOD ONLY. FOR THEIR OWN VAIN REASONS, THERE WAS A CHRISTIAN INFLUENCE BEHIND CONSTRUCTION OF THE CATHEDRAL.

Katalyn said...

Cologne Cathedral

The Cologne Cathedral started being built in 1248 and it was not completed until 1880. There was a period of 600 years between the beginning and ending dates but it was said to be "a masterpiece of exceptional intrinsic value"(1). The cathedral was constructed in the shape of a Latin cross, as were many Gothic cathedrals in this era. And for a span of four years (1880-1884) the Cologne Cathedral was the tallest structure in the world until the completion of the Washington Monument. Some of the works of art within the Cologne Cathedral are the Shrine of the Three Kings which is a large sarcophagus that is believed to hold the remains of the Three Wise Men, and the Mailander Madonna ("Milan Madonna"), a wooden sculpture of the Blessed Virgin Mary and infant Jesus.

1)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cologne_Cathedral

Darlin said...

The Cathedral Notre-Dame of Reims is located in the city of Reims, France, on the Vesle River east-northeast of Paris. Reims was the site of 25 coronations of the kings of France, from Louis VIII in 1223 to Charles X in 1825, including the crowning of Charles VII in 1429 in the presence of Joan of Arc. The cathedral, which was begun in 1211 under the auspices of Archbishop Aubry de Humbert and designer Jean d’Orbais, was modeled on Chartres Cathedral (begun about 1194) and was intended to replace an earlier church destroyed by fire in 1210. The main construction was overseen by four different architects and lasted some 80 years; expansions and decorative work continued on the church for centuries.


Reims Cathedral incorporated several new architectural techniques, notably bar tracery. It has a total finished length of 489 feet (149.2 metres)—about 26 feet (8 metres) longer than Chartres—with an interior length of 455 feet (138.7 metres) and a nave reaching 377 feet (115 metres). The twin towers in the west facade have a height of 266 feet (81 metres). The chevet (eastern end), with its five relatively large chapels, is nearly the same width as the transept (201 feet [61.3 metres]), giving the cathedral an unusually compact, unified appearance. This unity is emphasized by the use of nearly identical window types in the aisle and clerestory stories, as well as the complementary rose windows in the west facade and central portal and those in the transepts’ facades. Reims is richly decorated with elegant masonry sculpture (particularly the exterior) and exceptional stained-glass windows, making it one of the artistic masterpieces of the French High Gothic period.

Brittney said...

Guo Xi's painting, "Early Spring" was completed in 1072, during the Song Dynasty in China. During this time, Taoists placed heavy emphasis on the importance of the arts. Painters were appointed to some of the most important positions of state. Landscape painting was the second most revered profession to the Taoists.
Guo Xi's painting, "Early Spring," symbolizes the Chinese belief that absolute truth is derived from the understanding of nature.
The painting centers around the central mountain peak which symbolizes the emperor. Around the mountain there are pine trees which symbolize the gentlemanly ideals of the emperors court. The trees and hills are to symbolize the emperors people assuming their natural place around the emperor.

Brittney said...

Guo Xi's painting, "Early Spring" was completed in 1072, during the Song Dynasty in China. During this time, Taoists placed heavy emphasis on the importance of the arts. Painters were appointed to some of the most important positions of state. Landscape painting was the second most revered profession to the Taoists.
Guo Xi's painting, "Early Spring," symbolizes the Chinese belief that absolute truth is derived from the understanding of nature.
The painting centers around the central mountain peak which symbolizes the emperor. Around the mountain there are pine trees which symbolize the gentlemanly ideals of the emperors court. The trees and hills are to symbolize the emperors people assuming their natural place around the emperor.

gotcandy813 said...

The Great Mossque at Samarra, Iraq was once the largest mosque for the Islamic world to worship. The mosque was built by Caliph Al-Mutawakkil out of bricks and clay in 852 AD. It has a rectangular bottom that measures 240x160m, the walls are 10m high and 2.65m thick which supports 44 towers. The purpose of the mosque is for Muslims to come together for prayer and other activities of their life such as education and dispute settlement.
Tyesha Thomas

sgadis said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
sgadis said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
sgadis said...

The church of the Holy Sepulchre has been viewed by most Christians as Golgotha and/or Calvary, the very site where Jesus was crucified. An ancient claim was generated from Helena, the mother of Roman Emperor,Constantine who also built Santa Constanza was aid to have found the cave that had artifacts from the crucifixion such as the tree nails and the cross. Helena influenced her son to build other churches around the Church of the Holy Sepulchre to honorably commemorate Jesus birth,life and death. The Garden Tomb which is just outside Jerusalem has not been scientifically proven but there have been no claims of any other site nor its originality. The Garden Tomb was studied by Gen Charles Gordon and was said to be the site where Jesus was laid immediately following his crucifixion. The Garden Tomb is visited for tourism and worshipby millions of people. There seems to be much uproar around the Easter Holidays and is securely guarded around this time of year. The church is undergoing construction and is carefully utilizing the original building materials and details to presere the most honourable place of worship. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garden Tomb.

Eddie Arth said...

* The Great Mosque of Samarra*
The Great Mosque of Samarra is located in Samarra Iraqi and was built in the 9th century. The building of the mosque started in 848 and was completed in 852 by the ruler of the time Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakki. It was the largest mosque in the world in its time. The mosque walls were paneled with mosaics of dark blue glass. It was rectangular shaped and measured approximately 38,000 square meters. It was surrounded by an outer baked brick wall supported by a total of forty-four semi-circular towers. One could enter the mosque through one of sixteen gates. Part of this mosque is the Malwiya Tower. Which is a vast spiraling cone that's 52 meters high and 33 wide. Stairs spiral five times before reaching the top. An aerial photo can show proof that a 376 x 444 meters brick wall surrounded the mosque, inside these walls is known as ziyada. . While the outer wall still stands, little remains of the interior of the mosque today. On April 1, 2005, the Malwiya was damaged due to a bomb that enemies troops of the U.S.A... United States had troops that were using the tower as a look out
http://www.islamicity.com/Culture/MOSQUES/Asia/TMp81a.htm

nyucha said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
nyucha said...

One of the most famous places of worship is the "Wailing Wall". This place of worship is for the followers of the Jewish faith. The wall was an original construction from Solomon's Temple in the 10th century BCE. Since the temple's constuction it has been destroyed and rebuilt over many times. The Babylonians were among the first to destroy the temple in 516 BCE, then again by the Romans in 70 CE. The wall tells a great story just by it's many layers. Even though it has been beaten and broken the faithful Jewish followers rebuilt the wall added a new design each time, that would tell an amazing story of overcoming life's mysteries.

The wall we refer to now stands at it's highest point 187 feet and expands for 1,600 feet long. The wall now stands along most of the city of Jerusalem's residential structures. The Wailing Wall is a big Jewish place of worship now days because many Jewish followers come to the wall to mourn and pray for the temple that has pasted and the temple that will be built again by the Lord in the future.

Melissa Sassone said...

The building itself, located due north of the Piazza de la Signoria, was begun by the sculptor
Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296. Numerous local artists continued to work on it during the following century and a half. The painter Giotto designed its sturdy bell tower in 1334. Yet, the massive octagonal cupola (1420-36) that truly dominates both the church and the city was the proud achievement of Filippo Brunelleschi architect and sculptor. Opposite the cathedral stands the Baptistery; the building dates from the 11th century but was believed by Florentines to be a surviving Roman monument when the commissioned for it a series of bronze doors with relief sculptures.
The cathedral of Florence itself had been begun in the Gothic style by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296. But in 1366 the City of Florence, following the advice of certain painters and sculptors, decided that the Gothic should no longer be used and that all new work should follow Roman forms, including an octagonal dome 42 metres in span to be built at the east end of the nave. The dome was not built until the early 15th century, when Filippo Brunelleschi, a goldsmith and sculptor, began to make statues for the cathedral. Gradually he became interested in the building itself and built some smaller parts of it. In about 1415 he prepared a design for the dome that he daringly proposed to build without the aid of framework, which had been absolutely necessary in all previous Roman and Gothic construction. He built a model of the dome in brick to demonstrate his method; the design was accepted and built under his supervision from 1420 to 1436.

julieth said...

The most common place for a catholic to go and worship was inside a cathedral. There are many great and beautiful cathedrals around the world. Inside a cathedral is beautiful from the high cealings the drawing in the glass windows. It is a real art work inside and outside of a cathedrial. The outside of a cathedral is imposible to not know what it is, its architecture is magnificent from sculptures on the walls of the outside to its all aroung grand size. Not all cathedrals look the same but to ateast be able to see one in person is a great experience

kwilson said...

The Mosque at Cordoba, Spain dated between 786-987, has 36 piers and 514 columns. The great Mosque of Cordoba was considered a wonder of the medieval world by both Muslims and Christians. Built on a Visigothic site, which was probably the site of an earlier Roman temple, the Mosque of Cordoba was begun during the reign of 'Abd al-Rahman I, who escaped from Syberia to the Iberian Peninsula after his family was massacred by a rival political dynasty. All muslim design is characterized by a visual rhythm realized through symmetry and repition of certain patterns and motifs, a rhythm clearly evident in the interior of the Cordoba mosque. The mosque's plan, consisting of a rectangular prayer hall and an enclosed courtyard, followed a tradition established in the Umayyad and Abbasid mosques of Syria and Iraq. However, the dramatic articulation of the interior of the prayer hall was unprecedented. The system of columns supporting double arcades of piers and arches with alternating red and white voussoirs is an unusual treatment that, structurally, combined striking visual effect with the practical advantage of providing greater height within the hall.

Kristina Wilson

kwilson said...

The Mosque at Cordoba, Spain dated between 786-987, has 36 piers and 514 columns. The great Mosque of Cordoba was considered a wonder of the medieval world by both Muslims and Christians. Built on a Visigothic site, which was probably the site of an earlier Roman temple, the Mosque of Cordoba was begun during the reign of 'Abd al-Rahman I, who escaped from Syberia to the Iberian Peninsula after his family was massacred by a rival political dynasty. All muslim design is characterized by a visual rhythm realized through symmetry and repition of certain patterns and motifs, a rhythm clearly evident in the interior of the Cordoba mosque. The mosque's plan, consisting of a rectangular prayer hall and an enclosed courtyard, followed a tradition established in the Umayyad and Abbasid mosques of Syria and Iraq. However, the dramatic articulation of the interior of the prayer hall was unprecedented. The system of columns supporting double arcades of piers and arches with alternating red and white voussoirs is an unusual treatment that, structurally, combined striking visual effect with the practical advantage of providing greater height within the hall.

Kristina Wilson

SKA said...

I chose to write about Buddhist places of worship. A Buddhist place of worship is called a Vihara.It is important to remember that Buddhism is five hundred years older than Christianity.The beliefs and practices of Buddhism also developed and matured and this had a big influence on the style of buildings used for worship by Buddhists. It was the Sangha, or community of monks, through which meditation and devotions were made, that had the biggest impact on the style of building.