Monday, September 22, 2008

The Renaissance through the Baroque, Art in China and Japan, and Pre-Columbian Art in Mexico

Read Chapter 20 up to the section on Mannerism. Choose a work of art or architecture from the Chapter. You may use the book as a source or you may explore somewhere else not listed in the book if you are feeling curious. Do some research on a search engine and write a paragraph about that place. Feel free to use descriptive language. You may include links to images if you would like. You may write about the meaning of architecture, art, or symbols from these sites.


Starr said...

I researched the painting "Deposition" attributed to Rogier van der Weyden. This painting was origianally painted as an altarpiece for a chapel in Leuven but was taken by the Spanish in the 16th century. You can now find it at Prado in Madrid. The lady in blue represents Mary who has fainted from seeing her son Jesus go through so much pain on the cross. If you notice the way she has fainted causes her body to curve in such a way similar to Jesus' arched body representing the two being very close to each others pain. The skull on the ground represents Golgotha, the Mount of Skulls, and its eyes look straight towards the man grieving on the right named Nicodemus. It is very amazing that this artist managed to fit so many people into one picture without making it look crowded. - Christina Newhart

VeronicaL said...
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VeronicaL said...

I chose to write about Van Eyck's Arnolfini Wedding. The painting depicts Giovanni di Arrigo Arnolfini and his wife. The two are holding hands and are painted in their bedroom. This painting is a great example of symbolism. The wife is wearing green which stands for hope and fertility, green is also a sign of wealth. The painting shows the wife appearing pregnant but really isn't. The little dog at their feet represents fidelity. The fruit in the window symbolizes being fruitful, a pun, as in the wife should be fruitful during the marriage. The lit candle in the chandelier represents God's everlasting presence. If you look closely behind the couple there is a mirror reflecting the couple and Van Eyck as he is painting and another figure. Van Eyck also signs his name directly over the mirror as an actual documentation as a witness to the wedding.

leslien407 said...
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leslien407 said...

A piece of art that intrigued me is called "Madonna with the Long Neck." It was painted in 1535 by Italian Mannerist painter Parmigianino. It is also known as the art of "Madonna and child with angels and St. Jerome." The lady Madonna represents the Virgin Mary sitting on a high pedestal in lavish robes holding a baby that represents Jesus Christ. The column represents St. Jerome while the four Angels stand glancing around them. Madonna's neck is long like a swan to show grace and elegance. Parmigianino made the painting to be distorted such that Madonna is not like human size. She is a giant where as Jesus is an oversized baby (big kid) laying on her lap. The angels around them are small too. The painting doesn't quite fit a regular frame, but it works for being mannerist.

Joshua Jinkerson said...

I chose to research The School in Athens. The School in Athens is considered the masterpiece of Raphael. The painting was completed between 1510-1511 bce. The School in Athens is one of four themed paintings in the Apostolic Palace. The four themes were poetry, theology, law, and philosophy. The School in Athens is the painting that represents philosophy with Aristotle and Plato appearing in the center of the image.

School of Athens

Darlin said...

Teotihuacan is one of the world’s largest archaeological sites in the Basin of Mexico. The reason why this site peeked my interest is because I am from Central America and I wanted to learn more about my history. Even though, the Teotihuacan in located in Mexico it is considered as Pre-Columbian Art-which refers to cultures of all the peoples who lived in Mexico, Central America and South America prior to the arrivals of the Europeans at the end of the 15th century.
Pyramids of Teotihuacan are known as 'The Abode of the Gods'. It's been an ancient mystery to the Aztec Indians who were fascinated by its ruins, 700 years ago. Scholars say that the name Teotihuacan came from the Astecs- the language, and ethnic of those who built the pyramids remains unknown because there wasn't any written language. Modern Mexicans go there to celebrate the awaking/start of a new cycle- The Spring.

Tiffany Mercado said...

I chose to research the late work of Michelangelo Buonarroti, The Last Judgment. This mannerist style art is a distinctive example of great fresco. It is located on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel, accomplished in the years 1534 to 1541.

In this art we see that the figures are almost abnormal proportioned and arranged in a muddled fashion. It seems as though the bodies are falling out of nowhere into the frame of the painting.

Jesus is sitting in the middle with Mary by his side. Paul is to his left, and Peter to his right with keys in his hand. Underneath and to the right of Jesus is St. Bartholomew (a self-portrait of Michelangelo).

Above are lunettes symbolic of the the crown of thorns, the cross, the spear, the pillar of flagellation, and the sponge dipped in vinegar.

In the middle are the angels blowing their horns to raise the dead. One angel holds the Book of judgment written by Jesus. To the left, the elect are lead to Heaven by angels. To the right, the lost are going to Hell. Michelangelo was encouraged by Dante’s Inferno. Charon holding an oar and his devils are leading the lost to judge Minos with the snake in his hand.

In scale, delivery and drama The Last Judgment is a faultless emphasizes of Renaissance painting.

alblizz said...

The Calling of St. Matthew

The Calling of St. Matthew is a painting that illustrates the summoning of the tax-gatherer Levi, Levi being the mortal name of Saint Matthew before he was called to heaven. Within the art piece, Caravaggio separated the scene into two parts using a grid pattern of verticals and horizontals. On the right a person can see Christ and Saint Peter standing in a “vertical rectangle” while the group on the left of the painting is seated in a “horizontal block.” The only connection between the two separate scenes is Christ’s outstretched hand offering Levi eternal life. Another separation within the painting is the different styles of clothing that both the standing figures and the seated figures are wearing. On the right Christ and Saint Peter are barefoot in timeless cloaks and the others are dressed in a “contemporary mode.”

Caravaggio also told a story within this dramatic art piece. As shown within the painting, only three of the five figures seated at the table have noticed Christ’s arrival. The two men to the left of Levi who are still preoccupied in their money counting activities have lost their chance of eternal life. Symbolically the two men have been condemned to death because of their inattention of Christ’s appearance. The two younger boys to Levi’s right are aware of Christ’s arrival yet they are unsure as to how to react. The younger of the two leans into Levi searching for some sort of protection, while the other leans towards the intruders while armed only to be stopped by Saint Peter. Because Christ’s arrival was so unexpected and commanding the painting cease’s all action for a “shocked instant” before the story is able to continue on.

nyucha said...

When looking at Pre-Columbian artwork tou can not pass by the Olmecs. The Olmecs were an ancient Pre-Columbian people who lived in south Mexico. We do not know alot about the civilization of the Olmec people but what we do know is the artwork that they left behind.

The Colossal Head that was shown in our text book was just one of seventeen heads discovered to date. There are many different theories on what these "Colossal Heads" symbolize but most experts believe that the heads are portraits of rulers. They obtain this answer by the unique headgear of the Heads and relate them to other artifacts from the same period that showed similar headdresses for their admired people.

The Colossal Heads are constructed from volcanic basalt and range in size but usually average around nine feet tall and some of the larger heads weigh between 20-25 short tons.

If you examine the artwork of the numerous cultures that have walked the face of this earth, you will find that many of them used very large rock to carve in their heritage. Why is this common for of artwork surrounding our globe? Maybe all the past civilizations left these huge artworks behind knowing that the people of the civilization wouldn't last, but these rocks carved and polished into artwork would last forever.

Nicholas Yucha

Sara20 said...

Sara Lampp
Titan : Venus of Urbino

When I first looked at this peice I thought that the woman seemed some what rude and maybe held herself on a higher pedistal. The way she is just sitting with out a care what so ever with the young girl and mother figure in the back ground. As if to say I dont care that you are around me and I'm looking the way I do. Then when Ms. Hoffman told us how the woman could be the painter's mistress so to speak, I though a little differently. Now it seem like the girl and woman in the background where kind of in the dark about the naked woman in their home. Just different things that I was thinking at first glance of the portrait.

The vertical line between dark and light in the painting almost seems to deliberatly draw attention to the obviouse sexual apperance, if you will, of the woman which in a way makes her less "godess like". It seems that this woman could be attainable and there is no mystery about her. She is right there for our eyes to gaze upon.

Venus is the Goddess of love. So how do we even know if this was meant to be Venus? In her hand the woman holds roses which are the symbol of Venus and of love.

Contrary to my first belief that the painting was meant to be interpreted as a man's mistess, I found that it is more about a marital love. The two females in the background could mearly be sevents or the woman's mortal self opposite her Goddess self.

Other symobls include the puppy on the bed, which symbolizes faithfulness and the pot of mytle in the back window which symbolizes consistancy. Both symbols can be connected to marital love.

The painting is now in the Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence, Italy.

Alexis_Carpenter said...

Coatlicue Statue
Aztec 15th century

In front of the main plaza at Tenochtitlan, Mexico this colossal statue of the goddess Coatlicue was buried by the Spaniards in colonial times due to its pagan importance. When it was rediscovered on August 13, 1790, the Mexican government placed it in the Plaza mayor, but quickly moved it to the cultural museum when local Indians began to pay homage to the statue and leave offerings. Coatlicue was the old goddess of the earth, she was the mother of the gods as well as the grandmother of the race of man. This statue depicts her in her most gruesome form, as the flesh-eating goddess of sacrifice. Two serpent heads spring from her severed neck to form the single face of the great earth monster. A necklace of human hearts and hands decorate her body, a form comprised entirely of serpents. The earth goddess is represented as the cannibalistic eater of flesh. A representation of the earth's decomposition of all that dies, and returns back to nature. All life and hence matter is eventually consumed by the earth. The statue is 8.3 ft tall and is made of Basalt. The statue is now located in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.

bdraper said...

I chose the Birth of Venus by Botticelli. This art was painted in 1485-1486. This was painted during a Christian era and raised alot of questions because this is a painting of Greek mythology. Botticelli was allowed to make this break due to a close friendship with Lorenzo de Medici, who protected him from the church's disapproval and saved the painting from the fires of Savonarola.

This painting is said to form a perfectly harmonous pattern. The symbol of Aphrodite is used as the coming of Spring. Asides from the said harmonous pattern, most of the proportions are off.

amadordavid said...

Mona Lisa, 1503-1506

Mona Lisa also was known as La Gioconda. Was painted by Leonardo da Vinci in the 16th Century. Painted in oil on a poplar panel during the Italian Renaissance. The paint is own by the French Government and hangs in the Musee du Louvre in Paris France with the title portrait of Lisa Gherardine wife of Francesco del Giocondo.

Mona Lisa is a Woman who expression is often described as enigmatic. Her facial expression gives the allusion of sadness and happiness. It may resemble the common woman of that time, with a gesture of humbling, but at same time a gesture of superiority.

lkm1991 said...

Raphael’s The School of Athens is, for me, one of the most fascinating paintings from the High Renaissance period of art. I love the architectural cohesion portrayed in the picture, with all of its perfect geometrical calculations embodied in the picture. Volumes and volumes can and has been written about this painting. The architecture of the building itself is said to depict a Greek cross and is said to represent the innate harmony of pagan philosophy and Christian theology. The 500 by 770 centimeter fresco represents philosophy itself as being one of four distinct themes of knowledge, the other three being
poetry, theology and law. The fresco can be found adorning one wall of the Stanza di
Raffaello in the Apostalic Palace in the Vatican. Raphael painted this fresco between 1510 and 1511. One of the things that impresses me the most, is not the fact that it brings together all of the great thinkers, artists and mathematicians to this point in time but there was obviously a great deal of intricate thought put into the selection of the people portrayed, their poses, their gestures, their props and the position they occupy in the painting. You can select any of the figures and be transfixed with the story of that person which a viewer may call to mind and which is embodied in the detail of their depiction. Not only does Raphael portray the depth of his own spirit and the talent of his extraordinary artistic ability, but he almost makes one long to reach out to mingle with the group, to capture for one’s self the miracle of the genius of this group. Every time I view a replica of this painting even from just computer images, I am overcome with its grandeur. I love the detail of Pythagoras with his diagram of mathematical harmonious ratios. During the High Renaissance Period, the geniuses of the period, and one of those certainly is Raphael, were intent on reconciling the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle with their two identifying philosophies of Idealism and Realism. Raphael’s positioning of these greats in the center compels the viewer to consider that the two are equal and harmonious. It is said that the image of Michelangelo is embodied in the figure of Heraclitus. Michelangelo was next door in the year 1510 painting the Sistine Chapel ceiling. I so long to visit the Vatican and see all of this great art and beauty!

Socrates, Silenos. “TheSchool ofAthens.” Library of AncientWorlds. 26 Sep 2008.

lkm1991 said...

Raphael’s The School of Athens is, for me, one of the most fascinating paintings from the High Renaissance period of art. I love the architectural cohesion portrayed in the picture, with all of its perfect geometrical calculations embodied in the picture. Volumes and volumes can and has been written about this painting. The architecture of the building itself is said to depict a Greek cross and is said to represent the innate harmony of pagan philosophy and Christian theology. The 500 by 770 centimeter fresco represents philosophy itself as being one of four distinct themes of knowledge, the other three being
poetry, theology and law. The fresco can be found adorning one wall of the Stanza di
Raffaello in the Apostalic Palace in the Vatican. Raphael painted this fresco between 1510 and 1511. One of the things that impresses me the most, is not the fact that it brings together all of the great thinkers, artists and mathematicians to this point in time but there was obviously a great deal of intricate thought put into the selection of the people portrayed, their poses, their gestures, their props and the position they occupy in the painting. You can select any of the figures and be transfixed with the story of that person which a viewer may call to mind and which is embodied in the detail of their depiction. Not only does Raphael portray the depth of his own spirit and the talent of his extraordinary artistic ability, but he almost makes one long to reach out to mingle with the group, to capture for one’s self the miracle of the genius of this group. Every time I view a replica of this painting even from just computer images, I am overcome with its grandeur. I love the detail of Pythagoras with his diagram of mathematical harmonious ratios. During the High Renaissance Period, the geniuses of the period, and one of those certainly is Raphael, were intent on reconciling the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle with their two identifying philosophies of Idealism and Realism. Raphael’s positioning of these greats in the center compels the viewer to consider that the two are equal and harmonious. It is said that the image of Michelangelo is embodied in the figure of Heraclitus. Michelangelo was next door in the year 1510 painting the Sistine Chapel ceiling. I so long to visit the Vatican and see all of this great art and beauty!

Socrates, Silenos. “TheSchool ofAthens.” Library of AncientWorlds. 26 Sep 2008.

KelceyB said...

Mona Lisa is a 16th century oil painting that was done during the Italian Renaissance. It was painted by the well known Leonardo da Vinci. The original piece is in Paris and is owned government. Da Vinci started painting the Mona Lisa in 1503, and did not finish it until 1517, close to his death. It took a while before Mona Lisa became well known. When people became interested in symbols, the work was well known for its ideas for her "Feminine Mystique."

Mona Lisa was named for Lisa del Giocondo who was a member of the Gheradini family. It was to celebrate their second son's birth. The woman in the painting it set to be very calm, her gaze is meant to welcome. Her posture and the ways her hands are folded show her as reserved. There are many different geometric shapes in the painting. Including the pyramid like shape the woman herself takes. The light forms surfaces of circles and spheres. Her face us bright while other elements are much darker like her hair and the shadows. It is known as representing an ideal rather then a real woman.



Cody Larson said...

I chose the piece of artwork called "Haboku Landscape for Soen" by Sesshu Tokyo. It is done in a style called Haboku. Many people call this style simply the splashing of ink. This piece of work intrigued me because it is open to interpretation. The painting seems incomplete but fully concluded at the same time. Zen Buddhist priests favored this type of artwork.

bryant said...

I chose the Teotihuacan, located 25 miles northeast from Mexico City, because its part of my culture. It was built by the Pre-Columbian Americas. It is possible that it was designed by the Olmec civilization, since its arquitecture and culture are similar. During its zenith, the city's population was around 200,000 people, making it one of the largest cities of the world. Teotihuacan is made of two main pyramids, the Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon, 600 smaller pyramids, 500 workshops, 2000 apartment complexes, an enormous market, and a long street which is called "Avenue of the Dead".
The Sun's Pyramids is align with the sun's path from east to west. In addition, another pyramid, the Temple of Quetzalcoatl represents the solar calendar, decorated with 364 serpent fangs. It's believed that the city was attacked and burned by the Toltecs between the 7th and 8th century.

Nicholas said...

I researched The Last Supper by Tintoretto. This is an oil on canvas painting and is painted very dramatically. Tintoretto adds angels to the this painting to give a dramatic effect and to show the confusion of what is coming. He separates the servgants from the Jesus and the disciples to show the people of importance and the disciples radiate away from christ in nearly mathmatical symmetry. The jutting angles and tumultuous events is somehow balenced, barely though and on the edge of tipping in this work.

Dani said...

Danielle Mallozzi

I researched the Birth of Venus which was painted for Lorenzo de' Medici. This painting is not a christian painting, but a "classic myth." These classical myths became popular among educated laymen when the Italians tried to recapture the former glory of Rome. These classical myths represent more than just happy fairy tales. The artists in the Renaissance tried very hard to fulfill the full meaning of the myths by using paint.It is said that Botticelli was one of the best at capturing the meaning of this myth (the Birth of Venus).

Pookie said...

The Pleiades is an interesting oil painting created by american painter and poet Elihu Vedder. Also known as the seven sisters, the pleiades features the seven daughters of the greek god and goddess Atlas and Pleione. The greek mythology of the seven sisters comes from a cluster of stars and each sister is named after one of the seven brightest shinning stars, they are Sterope, Merope, Electra, Maia, Taygete, Celaeno and Alcyone. Also notable, the Subaru car symbol comes from six of the Pleiades stars.

Tiffany said...

The famous School of Athens is considered to be one of the greatest masterpieces of the Italian Renaissance. Between 1509-1511BCE , Italian artist Raphael was commissioned to paint the rooms presently known as the Stanze di Raffaello in the Vatican. The school of Athens was the second painting to be finished. It depicts a gathering of the greatest scientific and philosophical minds in the world. This painting represents the truth acquired through reason so it appropriately resides over the library.

Afield said...

Michelangelo's "The Last Judgement" is in the Vatican's Sistine Chapel. The wall shows the second coming of Christ and the apocalypse. When Michelangelo finished his work, there was arguement over the morality of it, because there were nude figures. Some of the figures were later painted over.
Michelangelo depicted himself as St. Bartholomew after he was skinned alive. He apparently did this because he felt contempt for the fact he'd been told to paint "The Last Judgement" in the first place.

julieth said...

I chose the painting the Resurrection of Christ by Rembrandt van Rijn. This painting was on of many that Rembrandt painted from inspiration to the bible. This painting is linked to Matthew 28:2. During the 1650's most of his painting were related to somehting from the bible, mostly centered aroung the life of Christ. This masterpiece is currently in Munich, the medium for this painting is oil and its dimensions are 36 1/4 x 26 3/8

RBarnes said...

I chose to do my research on The School in Athens. The School is a masterpiece from the painter Raphael, the painting was finished between the years 1510-1511 bce. The School in Athens is one of the four themed paintings in the Apostolic Palace. he four themes were poetry, theology, law and philosophy. The School in Athens was painted after philosophy and the painting has Aristotle and Plato appearing in the center of the famous painting.

Zak said...

The Colossal Head

The monstrous Colossal Head weighs over 15 tons and stands 7ft tall. Its located in La Venta, Mexico near the Gulf Coast. The head is only one of four monuments, and all four are said to portray rulers of the city. This piece was carved out of basalt boulders that came from the Tuxtla mountains. Historians believe that the ancient Olmecs of La Venta moved these huge boulders by floating them down the rivers of the Gulf on balsa rafts. The piece is believed to have been constructed between 800-200 BCE.

Hoeksey said...

Leonardo's Mystery Machines.

Leonardo creative inventions left the people of today bewildered that someone of long ago could have had thoughts of machines that would come about five hundred years later. One of his inventions was the water lift. This invention consists of a water wheel, two archimedes screws and two towers. As the water wheel turns,the screws turn, pushing the water up to the highest tower. The tall tower acts as a resevoir for gravity fed water pipes. Another was the helicopter. Two men would run on the lower level, which would rotate. The rotation would force the upper "fans" to rotate as well, lifting the heliocopter off the ground. Leonardo also invented the machine gun! This machine actually consisted of three sets of machine guns, set on a rotating drum (you can see the triangle underneath the left wheel, a set of guns would be placed on each side of the triangle.) When the first set of fired, the force of the explosion would pivot the guns down, bringing the next set of guns to the top, ready to be fired. Another interesting invention was the thread cutter. This machine cuts the threads of screws. A cutting blade is attached to two long screws on the bed of the table. A third bar, the one to have the thread cut into it, would be laid in between the two screws. As the cranks on the end of the table were turned, the cutting blade would be carried down the two screws, creating an even groove to be used for screws, bolts, etc. One of his coolest is the catapult! It consists of a base, curved beam, gears, and a release mechanism. A stone would be laid on the top of the arched wooden beam and the release mechanism would be tightened with the gear. When the beam was released, the force of the release would catapult the stone into the air. And he wouldn't have been Leonardo if he hadn't invented the tank... Oh yeah, this machine is a man powered tank. The upper image shows the tank firing. There were multiple cannons arranged around the tank. The lower image shows the bottom of the tank. Four men would work the wheels in order to move the tank. And the last one of his inventions that I am going to touch on is his crossbow. This machine consists of a wheel, four crossbows, a shield and the stand for the shield. The wheel is turned by men walking on top of the wheel. An archer is inside the wheel, firing the crossbows as they come around. The arrows are fired through the stand, and the shield protects the men walking on the wheel.

Here is a little fun link to look at some of his inventions and information that I used.

David Hoeksema

jordan c said...

the colossa heads were very life like. One feature that distinguishes them from the art of later peoples is their stark realism, many of the sculptures are fashioned in the round, portraying the human figure in squat but accurate detail. Almost two meters high and weighing over 15 tons, this monumental head is one of four found at La Venta, near the Gulf Coast. Scholars speculate that they may have portrayed rulers of the city. The Olmecs wrought these colossal heads from huge boulders of basalt from the Tuxtla mountains, 100 km away and they must have floated them on balsa rafts along the slow-moving rivers of the Gulf Coast. At La Venta, the four colossal heads were set as if to guard the ceremonial core of the site, three to the south and one to the north, all with their backs to the architecture.Location of original: La Venta, Mexico. 1000B.C.

SIZE: 8.25"H (21cm)


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ITEM FINISH: Antique stone finish

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Rudyruth1 said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Brit said...

Bathsheba at Her Bath
Oil on canvas
56 x 56" (142 x 142 cm)
Musée du Louvre, Paris

Rembrandt was seen as a "masterful interpreter" ob biblical stories, as seen here in "Bathsheba at Her Bath".
Bathsheba was the woman that King David commited adultary with after watching her take a bath from his roof. Eventually, she came with child, and David tried to pass it off as one of his soilders, but the soilder did not want to stay with Bathsheba.
In this classic painting, Rembrandt shows Bathsheba being washed by as servant, as she learns that King David's wife had passed away and she was able to be with him. It appears to me that maybe Bathsheba is a bit jealous of the servant, her face almost as if her life just got very complicated, and she isnt quite sure what to do next. Rembrandt also seems to be showing her as royalty with the rich gold overtones, with the dark backdrop he is famous for.

Rudyruth1 said...

I am researching Limbourg Brothers, October! For the first time since classical antiquity, as casting actual shadows upon the ground. The architecture is painted as if it were disappearing into space as it is getting further away! That is so it appears more realist. The entire scene seems realistic! From the facial expressions to the shadowing and even to the little birds.In the distance, people walk and talk along the Seine River against Charles V's royal palace in Paris, the Louvre.Nobles lived within the Louvre, enjoying their wealth and privileges while the peasants toiled in the fields.This illuminated manuscript is a classic example of a "book of hours," or personal book of prayer. It contained a calendar, as well as texts for worship, prayers, psalms, and masses. Pictured below and in the pull-out poster is October, one page from this manuscript.3

The Book Page 460


Jack said...

Sleeping Venus

The Sleeping Venus also known as the Dresden Venus, was painted by the Italian renaissance master Giorgione. The landscape and the sky however was created by Titian after Giorgione’s death in 1510. This painting is considered by some authorities as one of the starting points of modern art. This choice of a nude woman marked a revolution in art. This painting underlies erotic implication with her right arm raised and her left hand resting on her groin. The sheets are painted in a silver color being a cold color rather than the warm tones more commonly used for linens. The landscape mimics the curves of a woman’s body relating back to the idea of the body being a natural, organic object.

Anjelica said...


San Carlo alle aslo called the San Carlino was designed by Francesco Borromini. Borromini's unique design defines the Baroque style.It is one of at least three churches in Rome dedicated to San Carlo. It consist of two facades. One facade consisting of 3 bays facing the street the other a narrow bay with its own tower. He used great detail. His designs consisted of oval shapes and convex and concave patterns. Borromini's design quickly became popular.

amy:] said...

I researched Francesco Borromini's facade in the church of San Carlo alle Quarttro Fontane. It was done between 1665-1667 and was Borromini's first major independent commission. The church was dedicated to San Carlo Borromeo. Many think of it as an iconic masterpiece of Roman Baroque. The building has an oval dome and has many crosses and octagons that flow towards the lantern which is the main source of light for the church. The walls of the church are both convex and concaved for contrast. They were also were made to look like they were made out of something more flexible like clay instead of hard stone.

amy:] said...
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kwilson said...

Kristina Wilson

I chose to reasearch The School of Athens, by Raphael, which was done during 1510-1511 CE. Raphael was chosen to decorate the papal apartments at the Vatican of Rome, in 1508. On the four walls of the first room, the Stanza della Segnatura, he pianted frescoes representing the four domains of knowledge; Theology, Law, Poetry, and Philosophy. The School of Athens is the most famous of these paintings; the painting depicts a gathering of the greatest minds of the ancient world. The painting shows Aristotle and Plato at the center of the group, which is also the vanishing point; during the Renaissance artists started using the idea of actual space in their work. In the School of Athens Raphael used this idea and gave his painting a more realistic perspective of a much deeper space. By choosing Aristotle and Plato to be the focal points of this painting Raphael depicted the two great, opposing schools of Philosophy; there were the Platonists and the Aristotelians. The Platonists were concerned with the spiritual world of ideas which is why Plato is pointing upward, whereas the Aristotelians were concerned with matter-of-factness of the material reality, which is why Aristotle is extending his hand forward, hovering over the physical world. The great detail and power of the expressions on both of these figures is believed to be credited to Michelangelo (Raphaels' teacher/mentor) and it is also believed that Raphael depicted Michelangelo as the philosopher Heraclitus, the brooding figure in the foreground of the painting, lost in thought.

theSnark said...
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Sketched4u said...

"The Birth of Venus"

"The Birth if Venus" is a painting by Sandro Botticelli. It depicts the goddess Venus emerging from the ocean as a woman, arriving at the shore. This painting is one in a series of paintings that Botticelli produced. The ancient painting by Apelles that is called "Venus Anadyomene" and "Anadyomene" means "rising from the sea", is a similar tittle to Botticelli's painting, The Birth of Venus only to become the better known title in the 19th century as 'The Birth of Venus'.'The Birth of Venus' is very similar to Praxiteles' "Aphrodite" statue,
and although a mural from Pompeii was never seen by Botticelli, it may have been a Roman copy of the famous at the time, painting by Apelles which the 2nd century historian Lucian mentioned. Referring to the painting, supposedly in classical antiquity, the sea shell was a metaphor for a woman's vulva or wumb. Now according to the Greek myth "Aphrodite" (or Venus, her Roman name) was born when the titan Chronos castrated Uranus, his father, whose severed genitals fell into the sea and fertilized the sea itself, thus Aphrodite was born from the foam of the water and was taken to shore by a giant clam to Paphos on Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean. While the nymphs and wind gods displayed around the Greek goddess of beauty and love have their own meaning in the painting, what I found interesting, is that not a Venus clam takes Venus ashore, but a large "cockle" as its called and although, just as the Venus clam does, the cockle only reaches about 8 cm in size, even though that is much smaller than the clam displayed in the painting, and if the painting describes that kind of size then that means that Botticelli's Venus would have been about 10 cm tall at most! Today The painting is currently in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

-- Nathan Connors--

Garrett said...

The Last Judgement was a mural done by Michelangelo between 1534 to 1541. It was done on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City. It shows the second coming of christ and the apocolypse. The souls of the dead are shown judged by christ. This piece of art had alot of dispute between Cardinal Carafa and Michelangelo, who was accused of immorality and intolerable obsenity, for showing genitalia in the mural.

Personally I really like the artwork. It stood out of the rest to choose from.

Melissa said...

Donatello's bronze statue of David (1425 - 1430) was the first freestanding nude male sculpture made in bronze cast during the Renaissance period. The sensation created by the sculpture was due to its portrayal of the young nude male. It depicts the young David with an enigmatic smile, posed with his foot on Goliath's severed heard just after killing the giant. He proudly wears the laurel-topped hat and boots and bears the sword of the slain Goliath. The boy's nakedness further enhances the idea of the presence of God, contrasting the youth with the heavily armoured giant. The fact that David is standing contrapuntally suggests that Goliath did not pose a threat to him.
The statue originally belonged to Cosimo de' Medici, and was placed in the courtyard of the Palazzo Medici in Florence. After the expulsion of Piero de' Medici, it was confiscated, and ordered placed in the courtyard of the Palazzo della Signoria. It is now in the Bargello, in Florence, Italy.

Diego said...

Sant'Andrea al Quirinale, I chose this because its soo PURDY. It was designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Giovanni de' Rossi it was made over a period of 2 decades; so twenty years to make this!! To this day it is held as one of the finest examples of Roman Baroque architecture, by combining art into the architecture. You can read more about it at.

Ronald O. Horne said...

For my piece of art I chose The School of Athens by Raphael. This is a very popular piece of art and is well known worldwide. Raphael created interest in this artwork by the method to show 3-D objects on a 2-D surface. The lines which appear going away from the viewer is the vanishing point to give the picture depth. Plato and Aristotle are the two figures in the center are the focal point of the artwork. There are said to have many characters shown in the picture that are Scientists and philosophers. Some but not all are known in the picture. There is a lot of hidden meaning and thought put behind these small details, it makes this artwork not just a masterpiece, but a puzzle to more references that we might already know.

Joseph Mercado said...

The Tribute Money (c.1425) by Masaccio is located in the Brancacci Chapel, Florence. This painting has three scenes. Peter, Christ, and the tax collector are all represented in this painting and connect each scene. An interesting view from a the website ( states, “…the architecture unlike the figures, is not monumental in scale, as it would distract from the drama of the scene illustrated.”

The painting is taken from the biblical story of Jesus and his disciples having to pay taxes upon entering a city. The disciples did not have any money on them. Jesus told Peter to go to the sea and find a fish, and in that fish’s mouth, he will find enough money for all of them to pay their taxes. An interesting interpretation of this painting was that as it was a biblical scene, it also served a political purpose. As armies of Milan defeated Florence, a new tax was being imposed on the “basis of ability to pay”.

There are three scenes in this painting and the actions and gestures of the characters lead the eye to a new scene. As the eye moves, each scene progresses and the story is told.

Bobby Allen said...

The Teotihuacan Pyramids became an important commercial center for the unknown village people of the the society. Created in in the early forth century c.e. and was known for its stores and large amounts of homes for its people to live. The 614 square feet of civilization consists of two large pyramids of the Sun and the Moon. Both are surrounded by 600 smaller pyramids, 500 workshops, and 2000 apartment complexes.The sun marks the passage from east to west. The citizens of this area looked to the Gods to bring good harvests to keep their society in good shape. They used the pyramids as a calender to keep time. The city brings its visitors many accounts of the art from the begining of the society including sculptures and hand-made pictures. The area drew to a close in the 16th century with the arrival of the Europeans but is still open to tourism. My trip to the Pyramids showed me how open that the site is by allowing tourists to go to the top of the pyramids and collect the view of the viewable skyline of Mexico City.

KatieRoss said...

Katie Ross-
Teotihuacan is a city in Mexico laided out on a grid system. Running thought the entire city is The Avenue of Dealth which links two pyramids. The Pyramid of the Moon and The Pyramid of the Sun are surrounded by 600 smaller pyramids, 500 workshops, 2000 apartment complexed, and a huge market place. The Pyramid of the Sun marks the sun from east to west. It has two staircases with 182 steps.Another Pyramid in Teotihuacan is the Temle of Quetzaloatl. It is decorated with 364 serpent fangs. This pyramid denoted the solar calender.

*had trouble with the site, sorry for the delay

Katalyn said...

Mona Lisa

Leonardo da Vinci started painting the Mona Lisa in 1503. He did not finish painting it for four years before he moved to France. And it took him until just a little bit berfore he died in 1519 to complete the painting. The painting is a 16th century portiat painted in oil. The painting is supposed to be of the wife of the Florentine banker Zanobi del Giocondo. The characteristrics of the painting that have made it so popular is the manipulation of light throughout the painting.

gotcandy813 said...

Around 1545, Agnolo Bronzino was commissioned to create a painting which has come to be known as Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time. The painting was a gift to Francis 1 of France. The theme of the painting seem to be of lust, jealousy, and deceit, sometimes refered to as "Triumph of Venus". The golden apple Venus holds is for her victory in The Judgement of Paris, and cupid wears wings. Cupid fondles his mother, her tounge seems to be slipping into his mouth. Some people believe that her legs are opening like she is ready to enjoy her son sexually. Venus holds cupids arrow which prehaps implies she is in control of their lovemaking. the naked boy about to throw the rose petals may have been Folly. others believe that the meaning of the two maybe... Becarful of who you love, you never know if they have honorable intentions.--- Tyesha Thomas

Sarah said...

The Venus of Urbino is a priceless oil painting of a young woman supposedly to be a representative of Venus, a goddess. The painting was done by Titian,an Italian and Guidobaldo II della Rovere commissioned it. It was painted in 1538 on a 119x165 cm canvas in Uffizi, Florence. The Venus of Urbino is a widely known painting thats beauty will last forever.

Eddie Arth said...

*The Birth of Venus is a painting by Sandro Botticelli*
The goddess Venus emerges from the water on a shell that serves as a platform. She stands directly in the center of the painting. Barley covered by her hands and golden hair. In the water pink roses float around her. Venus is met by two groups of people. On the left, the wind god Zephyrus and his female companion greet her. On the right, she is met by one of the Horae, goddesses of the seasons, who hands her a flowered cloak.
At the time of the painting it was considered pagan, because most artworks at this time were Roman Catholic themed. Somehow the painting was not burned during massive book and painting burnings that were going on during this time to eliminate things that were not in accordance with the church.
To see imagine go to

sgadis said...

In Yin Hong's Hunderds of Birds Admiring The Peacocks, color and technique are used "brilliantly" as the Ming Dynasty era is described. Yin Hong's art was of high regard with its conservative edge. Hundreds of Birds Admiring The Peacocks had a harmonic and humble approach. It
brought out the subjectiveness of the high court to its emperor. I visualize plant and animal's fellowship in an intimate way. this piece was so perfect it's as if a Mother Nature felt the chemistry between the two and arranged the gathering herself.

carbon said...

raphaels school of athens was created between 1509 and 1511 in the stanza della senna tora of the vaticant the painting depicts plato and aristotle surrounded by the greatest mathmaticians scientists and philosophers moast of witch never lived in the same time peroid. platos side of the painting posseses a statue of appolo the god of music and on aristotles side is athen who lept from zeuses head in a mericalus conception plato wears cloth of red and grey thought to represent those non tangible elements fire and eather while aristotle wears brown and blue for earth and water the the closest figure is that of a burly man sittig writing a poem it is ment to depict pathogerous but it is known that raphael had michelangelo sit as a model this wasnt a big deal because michelangelo was probably just taking a break form the sistene chaple in witch he was painting at the same time when i see this painting im makes me wish that things wer a little simpler than we have made them out

octnober said...

I researched the painting "Joseph in Egypt" by painter Jacobo Pontormo. Pontormo painted this masterpiece between 1515 and 1518.

The painting is seperated into four distinct zones. Each zone depicting something different about Joseph's journey into Egypt and reuniting with his family of origin.

The left foreground shows Joseph presenting his family to the Pharaoh. Joseph invited his family to move to Egypt and upon arrival they were to meet the pharaoh.

On the right, you find Joseph being pulled by three chubby male children, called putti, in a cart (more exactly, a triumphal cart). You can see that Joseph is bending over and kneeling toward a man who appears to be presenting to him either a petition or a message. Also in the seen is a child-like figure who is draped in cloth that appears to be getting blown by the wind; dominating the scene. They say that it appers to be copying the pose of one of the two half-living statues in the left upperhand of the painting and center of the painting.

Set in the background is a crowd that seems to be trying to push their way forward. they are located between the two buildings. Above the crowd there seem to be some mysterious figures perched upon a boulder that seem to have their attention gazed upon the crowd.

On the staircase, Joseph is seen taking one of his children by hand, higher up the stairs, the other child is greeted by his mother. You will notice that the stairs have no railing. (I am not sure what the relevance of the unrailed stairs are, but every article that I found about the painting makes sure to point out that the stairs are unrailed but give no explanation as to why this is pointed out.)

Lastly, up top in the room, to the upper right of the painting, you see Joseph with his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh. In this zone you will notice that Joseph is a very old man and is near death. It is here that, in this painting, it is believed that Joseph is imparting his paternal blessings to each of his sons.

jeremy hubsmith said...

The angels in the middle blow their horns to raise the dead. One of them holds the Book in which all has been written down and upon which Jesus will base his judgment.
To the left, the chosen are escorted to Heaven by angels. To the right, the damned are going to Hell. Michelangelo was inspired by Dante’s Inferno. Charon (with oar) and his devils are leading the damned to judge Minos (with snake).
Jesus is seated in the middle with his mother Mary at his side. The two large figures are Paul (left) and Peter (right, with keys in hand). The figure underneath and to the right of Jesus is St. Bartholomew - a self-portrait by Michelangelo. In his hand, his mortal skin.

Brittney said...

Sandro Botticelli, "The Birth of Venus" 1482

This painting depicts Venus' birth from the ocean. The two angel-like figures to the left of venus are the Zephyr gods, which blew Venus' shell from the ocean. The woman to the right of Venus is a nymph who is holding a sheet, ready to cloak Venus' naked body. Botticelli's choice to paint a pagan goddess was far fetched for the time period. Women were not often depicted without clothing and the ones who were painted, normally symbolized the Virgin Mary. In 1497, a Dominican monk Girolamo Savonarola set out to destroy anything which encompassed luxury or immoral excesses, which included "lewd" paintings. Because of the nude woman and pagan reference, "The Birth of Venus" was almost destroyed. Botticelli's painting was saved by his friend Lorenzo de Medici, who harbored the painting in his villa outside of Florence. In the creation of this painting, Botticelli mixed his own tempera paints using little fat and covered them with eggwhite. This process was unusual for his time, but the results were amazingly brilliant and the painting has preserved well over the years, with very little cracks.

Brittney Buchanan

Sammy said...

I picked The Mona Lisa, by Leonardo DaVinci. I picked this work because Davinci is definitely one of my favorite painter/inventors. The work is super famous and extremely well known. There are some things however, that aren't widely known about it. For starters, it took DaVanci several years to actually complete the painting. He began painting it in 1503 and didn't fully finish it until right before he died in 1519. Also, have you ever noticed that the woman (Lisa Gherardini, wife of Francesco del Giocondo) doesn't have any facial hair at all, including her eyebrows. More interesting perhaps, is the owners of the painters throughout time. King Louis the 14th owned it for some time before moving the painting to the Louvre in France. Napolean then took it from the Louvre and put it in his bedroom, when he was done with it he put it back in the Louvre. The painting was even stolen in 1911, the thief hid in a closet in the museum, waiting until closing, then walked out with it under his jacket. The painting has also been doused in acid and somebody actually threw a rock at it, chipping a small piece of paint off. It was later "touched up". Currently the painting is "owned" by the French government and is on display in the Louvre.